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Knee Injury

I'm notice i'm having this injury after seeking advise from doctor at Unit Kesihatan UiTM Malaysia. According to the doctor, i'm having a medial collateral ligament injury. This will stop me from doing any sport activities. Refer picture.

here some information about my injury.

Knee ligament injuries

Ligaments connect one bone to another. The ligaments outside your knee joint are called the medial collateral ligament and the lateral collateral ligament. They provide your knee with stability and limit the amount it can move from side to side.

  • The medial collateral ligament is on the inner side of your knee and is taut when your leg is straight. It's a strong ligament but can be sprained or completely ruptured (torn) if you twist your straightened leg at the same time as being knocked sideways, for example, when being tackled in rugby.
  • The lateral collateral ligament is like a thin, strong cord that runs on the outer side of your knee connecting the bottom of your thigh bone to the top of your fibula (one of the bones in your lower leg). It's not usually damaged on its own, but you may need to have it repaired if you have damaged other ligaments.

Medial and lateral collateral ligament injuries may be classed as follows:

  • grade 1 is a sprain with no tearing of the ligament
  • grade 2 is a partial tear of the ligament
  • grade 3 is a complete tear of the ligament

The ligaments inside your knee joint are called the anterior cruciate ligament and the posterior cruciate ligament. Cruciate means in the form of a cross - the anterior cruciate ligament crosses over in front of the posterior cruciate ligament. These ligaments provide stability to your knee, when it is in different positions, particularly in the forward and backward movements of the knee joint.

Causes of knee injuries

You may injure your knee if:

  • it receives an impact or is moved beyond its usual range of movement, for example if you have a fall or land awkwardly
  • you play a sport that combines running, jumping and stopping with quick changes of direction, such as football
  • you have a condition such as osteoarthritis or gout, or are very overweight
  • your knees hit the dashboard in a car accident - posterior cruciate ligament damage is sometimes called the 'dashboard injury' as this is often how it occurs

Treatment of knee injuries

The treatment you will receive will depend on what damage you have done and how bad the damage is.

Self help

You should follow the PRICE procedure to manage any type of soft tissue injury to your knee. PRICE stands for the following.

  • Protection. Protect your injury from further harm.
  • Rest. Rest the injury for the first two to three days, then reintroduce movement so you don't lose too much muscle strength.
  • Ice. Apply a cold compress such as ice or a bag of frozen peas wrapped in a towel to help reduce swelling and bruising. Don't apply ice directly to your skin as it can damage your skin.
  • Compression. Compress the joint by bandaging it to support the injury and help decrease swelling.
  • Elevation. Elevate your knee by resting it above the level of your heart and keep it supported.

There are certain things you should not do in the first three days after your injury to avoid doing further damage to your knee. These can be remembered as HARM.

  • Heat. This includes having a hot bath or using a heat pack.
  • Alcohol. Drinking alcohol can increase bleeding and swelling in the affected area.
  • Running or other forms of exercise.
  • Massaging the injured knee. This can cause more swelling or bleeding.

You may need to use crutches or wear a brace to make sure that you keep weight off the affected knee.

Prevention of knee injuries

There are some precautions you can take to try to reduce the risk of damaging your knee ligaments.

  • Exercise regularly to maintain a good level of fitness. This will mean your muscles are stronger and better able to support your joints, including your knees. If you haven't been active for a while, start gently and gradually increase the intensity.
  • Spend five to 10 minutes warming up before exercise to increase blood flow to your muscles and reduce the chance of an injury. Many sports professionals advise stretching your muscles after warming up and again after cooling down; however the benefit of stretching before or after exercise is unproven.
After seeking the neurologist at Hospital Tunku Ampuan Rahimah, Klang i've been given appointment date on 4th February 2010. At that time, the exact injury will be reveal..

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